AOC Fitou La plus ancienne AOC rouge du Languedoc
The first "Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée" wine of Languedoc-Roussillon, is only produced in nine small communal areas: FITOU, CAVES, TREILLES, LEUCATE and LA PALME, which are all beside the sea, between Narbonne and Perpignan, and Cascatel, Paziols, Tuchan, and Villeneuve in the Corbières-Massif.
Documents going back as far as Philip Augustus, Louis XIII and Louis XIV bear witness to the long-standing reputation of Fitou wines. Rabelais particularly appreciated "vin de Palme" which now has the "Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée Fitou" label.
The vineyards are set out on shaly and argilocalcareous soils with exceptional exposure to the sun. The countryside, whose relief consists in parts of hills and slopes and in others of plateaux, has the advantage of a particularly dry climate and is often swept by a high wind, the "Cers".
The Carignan grape is at its very best in this countryside: here it ripens to perfection to give strong, full-bodied wines with real substance and a rich, deep colour. The Grenache grape is the ideal complement to the Carignan, bringing its fine, smooth, mellow qualities. A small percentage of Syrah and Mourvèdre also brings its richness in flavour and a delicious aftertaste worthy of the greatest of wines. From the marriage of these varieties of vines is born the harmony which characterises the Fitou wines.
Whilst the region, the climate and the vines enable wines to be produced, which are remarkable for their body and fullness, the enthusiast has the opportunity to discover the nuances which develop as the wines mature. First we find young, full-bodied wines with the fragrance of flowers and fruit, rich in noble tanins. Then, beyond two years of age, we encounter wines with a real structure, with a dark, deep colour and a nose with a hint of violet, liquorice, thyme, rosemary and the flowers of the Provençal moorland. These wines are always elegant and deliciously mellow.
Keeping the wines
Fitou wines may only be brought on to the market after a period of nine months after the harvest. It is then that their quality is inspected by the "National Institute of Appellations Contrôlées" and the "Winegrowers Association". However, in most cases, the wines are only made available for consumption after a period of twelve to eighteen months maturation, for the youngest among them. A signal characteristic of A.O.C. Fitou is its capacity to mature and improve with age. Thus, extremely good bottles of Fitou are four or five years old and sometimes much older still. Allow the bottles of Fitou to mature in a cool cellar at a relatively constant temperature and you will be pleasantly surprised. The wine matures and brings to culmination those innate qualities of distinction and elegance which characterise it.
Fitou and gastronomy
When young, Fitou wines are a pleasant accompaniment to white meats and cold meat dishes. When fully matured to bring out their bouquet and aromatic flavour, Fitou wines go perfectly with red meats, game and, of course, cheese.
- 2 300 hectares déclarés
- 215 producteurs
- 3 caves coopératives
- 35 caves particulières
- 32 hectolitres/hectare
- 75 000 hl
- Export : 40>#/li###
- France : 60% dont 55% GD, 27% CHR / vente directe
- 30 points de vente sur le territoire Fitou