Professionals The winemakers...
There are 1350 companies (1198 private wine producers and 152 cooperatives) producing all of the wine in the Languedoc region. Including about 150 traders, this completes the entire wine sector in the region. The base of Languedoc wine production is obviously the vineyards. Some of these make their own wine and sell their produce directly. These are called private wine producers. Others form part of cooperative wine producers. Today there are 1198 private wine producers and 152 cooperative wine producers in the Languedoc region. Some allow traders to sell their produce…
Obviously, the vineyards are the base of wine production in the region. Languedoc vineyards can be very different from one another, from moderately big family properties passed down from generation to generation, to large companies belonging to large national or international groups and new wine producers, usually coming from other vocations and often using alternative production methods (for example biodynamics). Vineyards may choose to make their own wine and sell it directly; these are called private wine producers. They may also choose to join with others and to form cooperative wine producers. Sometimes they give the responsibility of their produce to trading houses using brokers. In the Languedoc region, there are 1198 private wine producers. Most of these wine producers have an independent status and belong to the Fédération des Vignerons Indépendants.
Les caves coopératives
There are approximately 152 cooperative wine producers in the Languedoc region and there are more every year; cooperative wine producers help protect small producers. Based on sharing production costs and providing financial, administrative and technical support to winegrowers, cooperative wine producers help a number of wine growers to deal with sometimes difficult situations and help new winegrowers to begin while helping all of their members in their professional projects. Their participation is essential in many areas for example, regarding quality, thanks to the technical information they provide to winegrowers about planting, directing the vines, managing great maturity, etc. They also play an important economic role because they have a significant influence on the market due to the large volumes processed and their large storage capacity. They play an important marking role because they have their own sales networks both in France and abroad and are important sources for traders. On a department level, cooperative wine producers in the Aude form part of the Fédération des Caves Coopératives de l’Aude , in the Herault they form the Vignerons Coopérateurs de l’Hérault , and in the Gard they are part of the Federation of wine producers of the Gard. On a regional level, there is the Regional Federation of Languedoc-Roussillon cooperative wine producers.
Another option available to vineyards is to allow trading houses to sell their produce. These play an important role in the marketing of wine but also in winemaking itself for wines that will be sold under recognized names. Wine is bought in bulk then assembled, aged and presented under brand names. There is often a broker between the wine producers and traders. The latter, thanks to their perfect knowledge of the wine and their negotiation abilities will match the market offer and demand as well as ensuring that all parties are respected during transactions from the producer to the trader. In the Languedoc region, there are about 150 registered traders. Consult the wine professionals database of Languedoc